Tension alopecia, also known as Traction alopecia, is caused by physical stress on the hair shaft. Damage to the dermal papilla and hair follicle results in hair loss. Tension alopecia also occurs because of over processing hair. Using harsh chemicals breaks down the hair shaft, causing eventual loss.
Women who pull or put strain on their hair by wearing tight hairstyles are susceptible to this. Many styles are responsible for the condition, including cornrows, weaves/extensions, and braids. Wearing your hair in the same style repeatedly can also cause it. Black hair is fragile. When you mix that with pressure, it easily can break.
How to avoid it
To avoid hair loss caused by traction alopecia, you will have to change the way you style your hair. If you love tight styles, use them in moderation. Wear cornrows one week and a looser style the next. If you are a ponytail wearer, avoid fastening the ponytail on the same spot each time. Try to wear the ponytail looser. The best way to avoid the condition is to vary your hairstyle methods.
Best way to treat it
If detected early, the condition can be stopped in its tracks. Damaging hair styles must be changed for gentler, looser styles. Those vulnerable to tension alopecia should take precautions immediately. You may love those tight cornrows or other tight styles, but do you love your hair? Losing your hair means the inability of wearing any style at all. Late stage traction alopecia cannot be reversed. Grafts are the only solution in this case. Hair transplants have been successful for men and women with permanent tension alopecia.
Tension alopecia is a traumatizing condition affecting diverse groups of people. Awareness is the key to prevention. Take care of your hair or risk losing it.